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Basal Cell Carcinoma Cancer Symptoms, Causes, And Diagnosis

Basal cell carcinoma is one of the skin cancer types. Basal cell carcinoma starts from the abnormality of the basal cells at the genetic level.

In the appears, it presents as a slightly transparent bump on the surface of the skin, though it can take other forms

The most common cause associated with the risk of basal cell carcinomas is long-term exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight

Symptoms:

Basal cell carcinoma appears as a change in the skin, like an unhealing sore. These changes usually are the following:

• pearly white, skin-colored bump

• brown, black, or blue lesion

• brown, black, or blue lesion

• white, waxy, scar

When to consult a doctor?: the immediate time to consult your doctor is as u see changes in the appearance of the skin, like a new growth, or a recurring sore.

CAUSES: when one of the skin’s basal cells develops a mutation in its DNA, basal cell carcinoma can occur. Well!  the damage to genetic material in basal cells is due to the result of ultraviolet (UV) radiation found in sunlight that reaches the cells during prolonged exposure and in commercial tanning lamps and tanning beds, as well as per data reported in the literature.

Factors that increase the risk of basal cell carcinoma are enumerated below:

• Chronic sun exposure

• Radiation therapy

• Fair skin

• Increasing age

• family history of skin cancer

• immune-suppressing drugs

• Exposure to arsenic

• Certain rare genetic diseases including nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (Gorlin-Goltz syndrome), xeroderma pigmentosum.

What are complications associated with Basal cell carcinoma?

• Basal cell carcinomas commonly relapse, even after successful treatment.

• A history of basal cell carcinoma also increases the chance of developing other types of cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma.

• basal cell carcinoma can spread rarely

How can one reduce the risk associated with basal cell carcinoma occurrence?

• Avoid sun exposure during the day after 10.0 am till early eve as at this time sun hours are at peak

• Wear sunscreen 

• Wear protective clothing

• avoid tanning beds

• immediately report changes to your doctor

GOLD STANDARD FOR DIAGNOSIS INCLUDES BIOPSY OF THE LESION

The targeted goal of treatment for basal cell carcinoma is to remove cancer completely-with following available alternatives:

1. Mohs surgery

2. Surgical excision

3. Curettage and electrodessication

4. Radiation therapy

5. Freezing

6. Topical treatments

7. Photodynamic therapy

8. Chemotherapy

9. targeted therapy

10. Immunotherapy

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